1. Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in India
According to the International Diabetes Federation, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in India was around 65 million in 2017. This number is projected to increase to 79 million by 2045. Type 2 diabetes is one of the major public health concerns in India and its prevalence is increasing at an alarming rate. The main reasons for the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes in India are sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet and obesity.
There are various government and non-government initiatives to tackle the problem of type 2 diabetes in India. The Indian government has launched several programmes such as the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPPCDC&S), National Health Mission (NHM) and Ayushman Bharat Yojana to create awareness about the disease and provide treatment facilities to the people. Non-government organisations are also working towards creating awareness about type 2 diabetes and its prevention.
2. Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in India
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells do not respond properly to insulin. The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
There are several risk factors for type 2 diabetes in India. These include:
Obesity: Obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes. In fact, it is estimated that nearly 80% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.
Age: The risk of type 2 diabetes increases with age. It is most common in people over the age of 45.
Family history: If you have a family member with type 2 diabetes, you are more likely to develop the condition yourself.
Sedentary lifestyle: A sedentary lifestyle can increase your risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps to control weight, improve insulin sensitivity, and lower blood sugar levels.
3. Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes in India
Type 2 diabetes is one of the major causes of death in India. The number of people suffering from this disease is increasing day by day. The main reason for this is the change in lifestyle and food habits. In earlier times, people used to eat healthy food and do physical activity on a regular basis. But now, with the change in lifestyle, people have become more sedentary and they consume more junk food. This has resulted in an increase in the number of obese and overweight people in India. Obesity is one of the major risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Genetic tests from PreGenic Solutions also detect Type 2 Diabetes and we give detailed suggestes, how you can postpone or even prevent this disease. Some lifehacks are written below.
There are certain genetic factors that also play a role in the development of this disease. Studies have shown that type 2 diabetes is more common in certain ethnic groups such as Asians, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders. It is also more common in people who have a family history of this disease.
The good news is that type 2 diabetes can be prevented. It can be controlled by making some simple changes in lifestyle and diet. Regular physical activity and a healthy diet can go a long way in preventing this disease.
Cut down on sugary drinks, and switch to water or unsweetened beverages instead
250ml of coffee significantly reduce the risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Optimize your Vitamin D levels. In india we tend to have low Vitamin D levels. Sunbathing for 30min in the morning, refills your Vitamin D level.
Choose foods that are low in sugar, and limit processed and high sugar foods
Control portion sizes, and eat regular meals throughout the day
Be physically active for at least 30 minutes every day
Lose weight if you are overweight or obese